General Information

JAMAICA (CONSTITUTION) ORDER IN COUNCIL, 1962

Amended by: Acts 15 of 1971 | 36 of 1975 | 1 of 1977 | 16 of 1986 | 15 of 1990 | 6 of 1993 | 4 of 1994

 

3. Persons who became citizens on 6th August 1962.
3A. Persons entitled to citizenship on 1st March 1993.
4. Persons entitled to be registered as citizens.
5. Persons born in Jamaica after 5th August 1962.
6. Persons born outside Jamaica after 5th August 1962.
7. Marriage to citizen of Jamaica.
8. Deprivation of citizenship on acquisition or exercise of rights of another citizenship.
9. Commonwealth citizens.
10. Criminal liability of Commonwealth citizens.
11. Powers of Parliament.
12. Interpretation.

 

3. Persons who became citizens on 6th August 1962.

  1. Every person who, having been born in the former Colony of Jamaica, is on the fifth day of August 1962, a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies shall become a citizen of Jamaica on the sixth day of August 1962.
  2. Every person who, having been born outside the former Colony of Jamaica, is on the fifth day of August 1962 a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies shall, if his father becomes or would but for his death have become a citizen of Jamaica in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, become a citizen of Jamaica on the sixth day of August 1962.
  3. Subsection (2) shall not apply to any person who, before the 1st day of March 1993, was not entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of the application of that subsection before that date.
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3A. Persons entitled to citizenship on 1st March 1993.

  1. A person
    1. Who was born outside Jamaica before the sixth day of August 1962
    2. Who was not before the 1st day of March 1993, entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of any provisions of this Constitution in force before that date
    3. Whose father or mother, on the sixth day of August 1962, became or would but for his or her death have become a citizen of Jamaica in accordance with subsection (1) of section 3, shall become a citizen of Jamaica on the 1st day of March 1993.
  2. Subsection (1) shall not affect the rights of any person who, before the 1st day of March 1993, was entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of any provision of this Constitution which was in force before that date.
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4. Persons entitled to be registered as citizens.

  1. Any man or woman who, on the fifth day of August 1962, is or had been married to a person
    1. Who becomes a citizen of Jamaica by virtue of section 3 of this Constitution
    2. Who, having died before the sixth day of August 1962 would but for that person's death, have become a citizen of Jamaica by virtue of that section, shall be entitled, upon making application in such manner as may be prescribed and, if he or she is a British protected person or an alien, upon taking the oath of allegiance, to be registered as a citizen of Jamaica.
  2. Any person who, on the fifth day of August 1962, is a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies
    1. Having become such a citizen under the British Nationality Act, 1948, by virtue of his having been naturalised in the former Colony of Jamaica as a British subject, before that Act came into force; or
    2. Having become such a citizen by virtue of his having been naturalised or registered in the former Colony of Jamaica under that Act, shall be entitled, upon making application before the sixth day of August 1964, in such manner as may be prescribed, to be registered as a citizen of Jamaica Provided that a person who has not attained the age of twenty­one years (other than a woman who is or has been married) may not make an application under this subsection himself but an application may be made on his behalf by his parent or guardian.
  3. Any man or woman who on the fifth day of August 1962 is or has been married to a person who subsequently becomes a citizen of Jamaica by registration under subsection (2) of this section shall be entitled, upon making application in such manner as may be prescribed and, if he or she is a British protected person or an alien, upon taking the oath of allegiance to be registered as a citizen of Jamaica.
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5. Persons born in Jamaica after 5th August 1962.

Every person born in Jamaica after the fifth day of August 1962 shall become a citizen of Jamaica at the date of his birth:

Provided that a person shall not become a citizen of Jamaica by virtue of this section if at the time of his birth-

  1. His father or mother possesses such immunity from suit and legal process as is accorded to an envoy of a foreign sovereign power accredited to Her Majesty in right of Her Government in Jamaica and neither of his parents is a citizen of Jamaica
  2. His father or mother is an enemy alien and the birth occurs in a place then under occupation by the enemy.
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6. Persons born outside Jamaica after 5th August 1962.

  1. A person born outside Jamaica after the fifth day of August 1962 shall become a citizen of Jamaica at the date of his birth if at that date his father is a citizen of Jamaica otherwise than by virtue of this section or subsection (2) of section 3 of this Constitution.
  2. Subsection (1) shall not apply to any person who, before the 1st day of March 1993, was not entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of the application of subsection (1) before that date.
  3. Any person
    1. Who is born outside Jamaica after the fifth day of August 1962
    2. Who was not, before the 1st day of March 1993, entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of any provision of this Constitution in force before that day; and
    3. Whose father or mother is, at the date of the person's birth, a citizen of Jamaica other than by virtue of this section or subsection (2) of section 3 of this Constitution, shall become a citizen of Jamaica with effect from the 1st day of March 1993, or the date of the person's birth, whichever is the later.
  4. Subsection (3) shall not affect the right of any person who, before the 1st day of March 1993, was entitled to Jamaican citizenship by virtue of any provision of this Constitution in force before that date.
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7. Marriage to citizen of Jamaica.

Any man or woman who, after the fifth day of August 1962, marries a person who is or becomes a citizen of Jamaica shall be entitled, upon making application in such manner as may be prescribed and, if he or she is a British protected person or an alien, upon taking the oath of allegiance, to be registered as a citizen of Jamaica.

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8. Deprivation of citizenship on acquisition or exercise of rights of another citizenship.

  1. If the Governor­General is satisfied that any citizen of Jamaica has at any time after the fifth day of August 1962 acquired by registration, naturalization or other voluntary and formal act (other than marriage) the citizenship of any country other than Jamaica, the Governor­General may by order deprive that person of his citizenship.
  2. If the Governor­General is satisfied that any citizen of Jamaica has at any time after the fifth day of August 1962 voluntarily claimed and exercised in a country other than Jamaica any rights available to him under the law of that country, being rights accorded exclusively to its citizens, the Governor­General may by order deprive that person of his citizenship.
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9. Commonwealth citizens.

  1. Every person who under this Constitution or any Act of Parliament is a citizen of Jamaica or under any enactment for the time being in force in any country to which this section applies is a citizen of that country shall, by virtue of that citizenship, have the status of a Commonwealth citizen.
  2. Every person who is a British subject without citizenship under the British Nationality Act, 1948, or who continues to be a British subject under section 2 of that Act shall by virtue of that status have the status of a Commonwealth citizen.
  3. Save as may be otherwise provided by Parliament, the countries to which this section applies are the United Kingdom and Colonies, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Ghana, the Federation of Malaya, the Federation of Nigeria, the Republic of Cyprus, Sierra Leone, Tanganyika, the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland and the State of Singapore.
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10. Criminal liability of Commonwealth citizens.

A Commonwealth citizen who is not a citizen of Jamaica, or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland who is not a citizen of Jamaica, shall not be guilty of an offence against any law in force in Jamaica by reason of anything done or omitted in any part of the Commonwealth other than Jamaica or in the Republic of Ireland or in any foreign country unless

  1. The act or omission would be an offence if he were an alien
  2. In the case of an act or omission in any part of the Commonwealth or in the Republic of Ireland, it would be an offence if the country in which the act was done or the omission made were a foreign country.
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11. Powers of Parliament.

Parliament may make provision

  1. For the acquisition of citizenship of Jamaica by persons who do not become citizens of Jamaica by virtue of the provisions of this Chapter
  2. For depriving of his citizenship of Jamaica any person who is a citizen of Jamaica otherwise than by virtue of section 3 or section 5 or section 6 of this                    Constitution
  3. For the renunciation by any person of his citizenship of Jamaica.
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12. Interpretation.

  1. In this Chapter
    • "Alien" means a person who is not a Commonwealth citizen, a British protected person or a citizen of the Republic of Ireland;
    • "British protected person" means a person who is a British protected person for the purposes of the British Nationality Act, 1948;
    • "Foreign country" means a country (other than the Republic of Ireland) that is not part of the Commonwealth;
    • "Prescribed" means prescribed by or under any Act of Parliament.
  2. Deleted by Act 6 of 1993.
  3. For the purposes of this Chapter, a person born aboard a registered ship or aircraft, or aboard an unregistered ship or aircraft of the government of any country, shall be deemed to have been born in the place in which the ship or aircraft was registered or, as the case may be, in that country.
  4. Any reference in this Chapter to the national status of the parent of a person at the time of that person's birth shall, in relation to a person born after the death of his parent, be construed as a reference to the national status of the parent at the time of that parent's death; and where that death occurred before the fifth day of August, 1962, the national status that the parent would have had if he or she had died on the sixth day of August, 1962, shall be deemed to be his or her national status at the time of death.
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